You agree to abide by all applicable anti-corruption laws, including laws prohibiting illegal payments to people for a corrupt purpose in relation to these. Clase 5 bocio endemico download as powerpoint presentation. Prevalence and geographical distribution of endemic goitre. Saude publica avaliacao do bocio. May-Jul;23()– [PubMed]; STACPOOLE HH. La profilaxis del bocio endemico en Mexico. Bol Oficina Sanit Panam. Mar;36(3)–

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Therefore, we assume that snack foods are iodine rich, too.

In interviews on salt consumption, 98 of families consumed table salt, but only 50 of the samples were adequately iodized.

Italian cross-sectional growth charts for height, weight and BMI y.

The NNS reported a prevalence of overweight and obesity in schoolchildren 5 to 11 ej of age of Iodine status was found as deficient, adequate, more than adequate and excessive in 2, 4, 19 and 25 schools, respectively.

Bull World Health Organ. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. When we explored other dependent variables, we did not find any significant effect of altitude.

Birth prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism in Mexico. In pregnant women, goiter prevalence was 19 in Pachuca, 20 in Ixmiquilpan, and 52 in Huejutla.

bocio endemico en mexico pdf fonatur

Assessment of iodine deficiency disorders and monitoring their elimination: Support Center Support Center. Stunting, wasting, and micronutrient deficiency disorders.

All participants voluntarily took part in the study and written consent was obtained from at least one parent or guardian.

As it may be observed, the municipalities of Jalpan de Serra and Pinal de Amoles had the lowest height. Because of the lack of recent information on UIC in the Queretaro state, we selected 10 municipalities considered more vulnerable to iodine deficiency according to the criteria described below.


The size of the community rather than its geographical location better defines the risk of iodine deficiency: We consider that it is very important to characterize the dietary patterns to identify salt and iodine sources in schoolchildren, because both obesity and excessive intake of iodine could have deleterious effects on thyroid function.

A follow-up study of 75 families in a Brazilian Amazon community.

Only schools with more than 30 children between 6 to 12 years of age were included in this study We hypothesized that this association could be explained by the dramatic changes in dietary patterns in the Mexican population 8,29,32, The weight and height of the children were determined by standard anthropometric procedures Directorio de escuelas en el estado ciclo escolar The results of this study are consistent with previous national data that indicate a sustained elimination emxico iodine deficiency disorders IDD in Mexico ; nevertheless, those studies were performed 14 years ago, and in this lapse of time several and dramatic changes in nutrition enemico occurred at a national level 8, There is coexistence between the two extremes of iodine endemiico insufficient and excessive.

Table 1 shows major geographic and sociodemographic characteristics, such as total population 10schoolchildren population 11extreme poverty 12social gap index SGI 12prevalence of stunting 13and range of altitude 14 of each municipality studied.

In general, it is accepted that 30 urine samples are enough to calculate the bocik of UIC 2. The authors are also grateful to the undergraduate iodine study group, Claudia Alarcon and Valeria Perez, for their technical support.

Prevalence and geographical distribution of endemic goitre. The SGI is a measurement obtained by means of a principal component analysis that summarizes eneemico indicators categorized in four dimensions: Med Cir Bogota Aug; 16 However, we did not find a significant association for the altitude on UIC, which is in accordance to the results obtained by Aghini-Lombardi and cols.


SGI is not a poverty measurement because it does not consider income, social security, and food access. As stated above, we found that the presence of insufficiently iodized table salt is higher in localities with elevated SGI and undernutrition.

Endemic goiter in Latin America

Historic records of endemic goiter: In addition, intensive and permanent educative and normative programs are needed to guarantee the availability and consumption of emxico salt with adequate iodine content.

Two of the main strategies to eradicate iodine deficiency are to establish a mandatory universal salt iodization USI program and the permanent monitoring of iodine intake by means of the assessment of urinary iodine concentration UIC in vulnerable population, such as schoolchildren and both pregnant and lactating women 2.

Anthropometric vocio and global nutrition status indicators. Yoduria en escolares y embarazadas del estado Trujillo, Venezuela Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References. This cross-sectional study was performed in 10 municipalities from the state of Queretaro, Mexico.

Endemic goiter in Latin America

We grouped data according to three geo-political levels: From each locality, one state elementary school was selected as the survey site. In this regard, stunting prevalence in schoolchildren in was Effect of iodine intake on thyroid diseases in China. The range of subjects sampled from each school was 23 to 36 children, and all data were collected from May to July