date to the delivery of Cicero’s speech in Pisonem than seems to have bee so far. ‘ Asconius states quite firmly that the in Pisonem was delivered i. R. G. M. NISBET: Cicero: In L. Calpurnium Pisonem Oratio. Pp. xxxii. IN his edition of in Pisonem Nisbet has made a most valuable and distinguish. date to the delivery of Cicero’s speech in Pisonem than seems to have been done so far.1 Asconius states quite firmly that the in Pisonem was delivered in the .
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On the Orator P. Nonetheless, the honour of Roman senators like Cicero most often proved to be durable under attack and even exile could be a temporary setback. Positive and Negative Aspects of ‘Face’ In the first place, will he not put in the scale against this one verse the many volumes full of his praises which have proceeded from me?
Manus tibi ne adferantur? Sic odium quod in ipsum attulerant, id in eius imaginem ac simulacrum profuderunt. Quo metu commoti Dyrrachini profugisse noctu crepidatum imperatorem indicaverunt. Equidem, ut paulo ante dixi, non eadem supplicia esse in hominibus existimo quae fortasse plerique, damnationes, expulsiones, neces; denique nullam mihi poenam videtur habere id quod accidere innocenti, quod forti, quod sapienti, quod bono viro et civi potest. Metelli sententia, quem mecum eadem res publica quae in tribunatu eius diiunxerat in consulatu virtute optimi ac iustissimi viri sapientiaque coniunxit.
It is a huge risk, of course, if it turns out that Pompey really does hate those lines; hence, the self-abasement, sliding down ccicero scale from non dicam amicissimi all the way down to in hominis caput. Ecquod in hac urbe maius umquam incendium fuit cui non consul subvenerit?
Cicero brilliance as an attacker in the In Pisonem leaves little doubt about his ability to wound Piso. As for Cicero, his positive face will be welcome to most, and tiresome to others who have heard the tale of Catiline one too many times. Inania piaonem ista, ckcero crede, delectamenta paene puerorum, captare plausus, vehi per urbem, conspici velle.
Plutarch seems to regard this as an adequate response to the challenge even though it proves unsuccessful.
The Garden of Priapus: Nonne, hiberna cum legato praefectoque tuo tradidisses, evertisti miseras funditus civitates, quae non solum bonis sunt exhaustae sed etiam nefarias libidinum contumelias turpitudinesque subierunt? Letters to His Brother Quintus De orat.
Catilinam caedem senatus, interitum urbis non obscure sed palam molientem egredi pisonme urbe iussi ut, a quo dicero non poteramus, moenibus tuti esse possemus. Caesar also turned Pompey completely against Cicero and then in a speech which he made himself to a meeting of the people declared that in his view it was neither right nor lawful for men to be put to death without a trial, as had happened in the cases of Lentulus, Cethegus, and their party.
CICERO, In Pisonem | Loeb Classical Library
Quid est aliud furere? Piso is willing to take this risk to his face because he thinks there is a good chance that he will never meet this particular audience again. Itaque admissarius iste, simul atque audivit voluptatem a philosopho tanto opere laudari, nihil expiscatus est, sic suos sensus voluptarios omnis incitavit, sic ad illius hanc orationem adhinnivit, ut non magistrum virtutis sed auctorem libidinis a se illum inventum arbitraretur.
Cicero’s skill in riposte and wit enabled him to out-maneuver his opponent My analysis of avoidance processes used by Piso and Cicero in the speech revealed a rich and varied set of practices.
Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus (consul 58 BC) – Wikipedia
On the possible implications of the taunt about Baiae, see Thomas Alan Dorey who believes that some sort of humiliating experience may have befallen Cicero at the resort.
With this in mind, he begins his attack on Piso by peering deep beneath the shadow of his brow, individuating each of his faults, and bringing them up to the surface for his audience to inspect: On the other, despite Cicero’s glowing presentation of himself as a hero who saved Rome twice, it’s hard to see any immediate gain in his status in the Senate. He can choose to call attention to the offense in the hopes that others will help him obtain an apology or take some corrective action against the offender.
Qui etiam si minus pisoenm bellum gesserat, ut abs te dictum est, tamen istum honorem contemnendum non putavit. Status is relative and it is the fact of the insult that counts in an attack since it represents a denial of status. The figure of prosopopeia is ideally suited to the subversion of avoidance process since it allows the pjsonem to introduce threatening cicerl in the voice of his opponent, giving the comical impression that the target is revealing his secrets directly to the audience.
Ac ne tum quidem emersisti, lutulente Caesonine, ex miserrimis naturae tuae sordibus, cum experrecta tandem virtus clarissimi viri celeriter et verum amicum et optime meritum civem et suum pristinum morem requisivit; neque est ille vir passus in ea re publica quam ipse decorarat atque auxerat diutius vestrorum scelerum pestem morari, cum tamen ille, qualiscumque est, qui est ab uno te improbitate victus, Gabinius, conlegit ipse se vix, sed conlegit tamen, et contra suum Clodium primum simulate, deinde non libenter, ad extremum tamen pro Cn.
For as soon as he got up Clodius’ ruffians raised a shout, and throughout his whole speech he was interrupted, not only by hostile cries, but by personal abuse and insulting remarks. While Goffman’s framework yields many vital insights into the social processes and strategies employed in the contest between Piso and Cicero, it is largely unresponsive to the problem of Cicero’s social mobility.
I say nothing of the fact that that verse had no reference to him that it was not at all my object to insult with one single verse the man whom I had repeatedly extolled in many speeches and writings. Scodel notes the absence of modern apologies in the Homeric poems and compares their quasi-apologies to “the inadequate apologies that are so familiar a feature of modern public life” Lentulo, consentiente atque una voce revocavit. Audistis profecto dici philosophos Epicureos omnis res quae sint homini expetendae voluptate metiri; rectene an secus, nihil ad nos aut, si ad nos, nihil ad hoc tempus; sed tamen lubricum genus orationis adulescenti non acriter intellegenti et saepe praeceps.
If the offender persists at pisonfm point, then the target will find himself in a protracted state of hostility in which he will have to prove himself stronger than the offender or accept that he has no power to alter the current situation and withdraw from the encounter.
Prius enim Gallus, dein Gallicanus, extremo Placentinus haberi coeptus est. The best way to avoid threats to face is to simply avoid encounters where challenges are likely to occur. Piso’s complaint about Cicero’s previous attacks on his reputation represent a clear call for corrective action.
Cicero decries the outcome in a set speech and then wins a series of exchanges will be examined below. Qui modus tibi fuit frumenti aestimandi, pixonem honorarii? Siobhan McElduff, firstly, for her generous involvement in this project during her jn year, but above all, for her wisdom in suggesting the In Pisonem as a fruitful field for my graduate research into Roman oratory.
Alios ego vidi ventos, alias prospexi animo procellas, aliis impendentibus tempestatibus non cessi sed bis unum me pro omnium salute obtuli. While Cicero’s attack on Piso displays superior rhetorical skill, humour and poise the fact that Piso responded to the publication of the In Pisonem by publishing his own speech demonstrates that he was able to continue his side of the battle beyond Cicero’s apparent victory.