Classification of. Retaining walls. • Gravity wall-Masonry or Plain concrete. • Cantilever retaining wall-RCC. (Inverted T and L). • Counterfort retaining wall- RCC. Types of reinforced concrete retaining walls are cantilever retaining walls and counterfort retaining walls. Functions and parts of these retaining walls. In this type of retaining wall, counterforts (cantilevers) are provided on the earth side between wall and footing to support the wall, which essentially spans as a.

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It is also assumed that the retaining wall is allowed to move away from the soil by sufficient amount so that the soil expands and evokes full shearing resistance and attains state of plastic equilibrium. It is a common practice to neglect the passive resistance of the soil in front of the toe of the wall in this check.

This type of wall with a key is shown in Fig. Towards reliability-based design for geotechnical engineering Kok Kwang Phoon Wall retaining dry and levelled backfill. If the retaining wall is allowed to move towards counterforr back fill, it will compress walk soil and the pressure thus exerted is known as passive pressure.

Counterfort retaining wall | architecture |

The backfill may be horizontal i. Wall retaining submerged backfill: Reliability analysis of cantilever retaining walls. Design of Isolated Column Footing.

Probability, reliability and statistical methods in engineering de-sign. If the factor of safety against sliding works out to be less than 1.

Each of these components are designed as a cantilever. Reliability—based design applied to retaining. Design of Two-way Slabs. How well do we know what we are doing? Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental…. By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our Privacy PolicyTerms of Serviceand Dataset License. In case the water table does not rise up to full height of retaining wall, this will result in a situation where the soil is partially submerged and partly dry.


The lateral pressure due to the backfill and surcharge if any tends to overturn the retaining wall about its toe. To avoid failure of the retaining wall it is necessary that the following requirements are satisfied. The sliding tendency is resisted by the frictional resistance between the base of the wall and the soil underneath.

You are currently using guest access Log in. The base width b of the retaining wall vary between 0. It may also be defined as a wall provided to maintain ground at two different levels. Based on the method of achieving stability, retaining walls are classified into the following types: Let the intensity of surcharge load per unit area be w.

Wall with backfill levelled and subjected to uniform surcharge: Wall retaining partly submerged backfill: Depending upon the height H of the wall the top width of stem can vary between mm to mm.

Prior to start of structural design of a retaining wall it is necessary to adopt some tentative dimensions for different components of the wall. Hence total lateral earth pressure at the base of wall is given by. However suitable value of toe projection can be obtained from the relationship. Walls of a building Simulation.


Wall retaining couterfort backfill. These walls are constructed in brick masonry, stone masonry or plain cement concrete and it is shown in Fig. For surcharged walls b may vary between 0.

Cantilever Retaining Walls Let the backfill be moist or dry up to a depth h 1 retainig the top of wall and let the backfill below this depth i. Before proceeding with the structural design it is necessary to ensure that the preliminary dimensions assumed for the various components of the wall will render it safe against above referred types of failures. Showing of 32 references.

How could counterforts in counterfort retaining wall assist in resisting earth pressure?

The pressure thus developed is termed as soil earth pressure. The intensity of lateral pressure at the base of the wall in such a case is given by. Wall retaining partly submerged backfill. Provisions of retaining walls become necessary in the construction of hill roads, embankments, bridge abutment, basement in buildings, water reservoir, in preventive measures against soil erosion, in landscaping etc.

The retaining wall should be stable enough to resist all type of forces acting on it. This type of wall proves to be economical for moderate heights say 6 to 7m. It is necessary to determine, the pressure exerted by the soil in designing a retaining wall.