Ctesias of Cnidus was a Greek physician who lived in the last half of the fifth authors who form fragments of Ctesias, most notably Bekker’s. Ctesias returned to Greece in and began writing his Persica, a history of Assyria-Babylonia in 23 books. Books I–VI included a history of Assyria and the. CTESIAS (Gk. Ktēsías), Greek physician at the Achaemenid court and author of Persiká, who belonged to the Cnidian school of physicians, which claimed to.

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When his ctesuas was reported to the king, the Paphlagonian eunuch Artoxares and Amestris urged him to make peace without delay. Prosopographie der Griechen im persischen Reich vor AlexanderBerlin,esp.

Encyclopædia Iranica

Megabyzus died at the age of seventy-six, deeply mourned by the king. One of the little birds, about the size of an egg, called rhyndace, was cut in half by Parysatis, who herself took and ate the portion which had not been touched by the poison, at the same time offering Statira the poisoned half.

Diodorus also reported that he lived at court for seventeen years probably an exaggeration; cf. A strong wind sprang up and heaped a peesica of earth upon his body, which formed a natural tomb.

It is probable, however, that Ctesias curtailed chesias own treatment of these major events because they had been so fully dealt with by Herodotus and he had little or nothing to add. The story of the fall of the Median king Astyages and the rise of Cyrus the Great ca. Cgesias Hellenized version of Persian culture was enormously influential in antiquity, shaping Greek stereotypes of effeminate Persian monarchs, licentious and vengeful queens, and conniving eunuchs.

Thank You for Your Contribution! Most of the children soon died, the only survivors being those just mentioned and a fourth named Oxendras.

She in turn informed the king, who left her to do as she would with the offender. Parysatis would have given him his freedom and let him go, had not Statira persuaded the king to put him to death. Xerxes married Amestristhe daughter of Onophas, who bore him psrsica son, Dariaeus, two years afterwards Hystaspes and Artaxerxes, and two daughters, one named Rhodogyne and another called Amytis after her grandmother. In the remaining battles 12, Persians were killed. The book only remains in fragments and in reports made about the book by later authors.


Darius, seeing that the bow of the Scythians was ctesiaa, turned back and fled across the bridges, destroying some of them in his haste before the entire army had crossed. After having passed five years in exile, Megabyzus escaped by pretending to be a leper, whom no one might approach, and returned home to Amytis, who hardly recognized him. He had reigned seven months. One very brief papyrus fragment Jacoby, Fragmentepp. Having dtesias so, they persuaded Artaxerxes note [Artaxerxes Persiac Makrocheir.

Ctesias, in Jacoby, Fragmentepp. His mother Amytis, who suspected the Magian, advised Cambyses not to listen persiva him. After this he took refuge in a temple, where he was seized and put to death. This portent was interpreted by the wise men to mean that he would leave no successor. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. The inhabitants expressed themselves ready to do so, provided the Athenians who accompanied him were not admitted.

Being summoned by Cambyses a third time, Tanyoxarces obeyed the summons. Books I—VI included a ctesiaa of Assyria and the Medes, and the last 10 books were a more detailed account from the death of Xerxes to Jacoby, in Pauly-Wissowa, cols.

Photius’ Excerpt of Ctesias’ Persica

Ctesias is later than Herodotus, and says that he was an eyewitness of most of what he describes, and that, where this was not the case, he obtained his ctesiias directly from Persians, and in this manner he composed his history. They are now lost but were quoted by ancient authors; consequently, we are able to judge their value as history low and as works of art entertaining.

Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Cyrus’ friends took him up while he was still alive and returned to camp. Pedsica Arsaces by his tears and lamentations appeased the wrath of his father and mother. Goossens; Drews,pp. Proceedings against the Spartan pedsica at Rhodes, and their acquittal. Another four or presica books books or 23 were devoted to the first eight regnal years of Artaxerxes II, which Ctesias himself had witnessed; book 23 also contained a description of the road from Ephesus to Bactria and India and a partial list of rulers from Ninus and Semiramis to Artaxerxes II Jacoby, Fragmentep.


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Ctesias, Overview of the works – Livius

Inarus joined battle with Ctesiaw, the Egyptians were victorious, Achaemenides being slain by Inarus and his body sent to Artaxerxes. Lucianus, Verae Narrationes 1. If you want to examine a book for possible course use, please see our Course Books page.

Cyrus attacked the king’s army and gained the victory, note [At Cunaxa. The work was divided into twenty-three books Sudas. He was joined by Arbarius, commander of the cavalry, and Arxanes, satrap of Egypt.

Megabyzus wounded Inarus in the thigh, and put him to flight, and the Persians obtained a complete victory. This is the end of the eleventh book.

By her he had had two children before he became king, a daughter Amestris and a son Arsaces, afterwards called Artaxerxes. The king consented, and the news that no harm would come to Inarus and the Greeks was immediately reported to the army. The king told his wife Parysatis to inflict the same punishment upon the wife of his son Arsaces.

Artaxerxes himself was desirous of taking part in the expedition, but his friends dissuaded him. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.

The first battle was indecisive, but in a second, the Bactrians were defeated because the wind blew in their faces, and the whole of Bactria submitted.