In , the psychiatrist Charles K. Hofling conducted a field experiment on obedience in the nurse-physician relationship. The aim of this. Hospital Under Beds, Hospital Over Beds, Eldercare or Hospice Facility Home > August – Volume – Issue 2 > AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY IN HOFLING CHARLES K. M.D.; BROTZMAN, EVELINE R.N, M.S.; Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer and Object Relationships in Early Memories: A Pilot Study. In the original Hofling hospital experiment (). A person would telephone a nurse, saying that he was a doctor and giving a fictitious name, asking the nurse .

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hofling hospital

The nurses involved in the field experiment did not give informed consent to be part of the experiment which automatically leads to deception of the participants which could be considered unethical when in a place such as a hospital where workers would already be in a stressful environment in the modern day. I would let someone repeat the experiment, mainly because nobody was harmed in the procedure, but also because it can protect future patients from being harmed from unreliable nurses.

So therefore i believe that this fact makes not asking for the nurses consent more acceptable because there was no other way to do the experiment and get reliable results. All of us get influenced by society, one such social influence is obedience- act of obeying orders from authority figure. Separating the parts of a digit ISBN is also done with either hyphens or spaces, figuring out how to correctly separate a given ISBN number is complicated, because most of the parts do not use a fixed number of digits.

The patients in this experiment are not harmed because the medicine was a placebo meaning that it would do nothing to affect them.

This is because the nurses did not agree expriment take part in the experiment, or in fact know that an experiment was ever taking place. Smith, who asked them to administer the drug and said that he would write up the paperwork as soon as he got to the hospital. Yes, i would let someone go ahead with the experiment. In conclusion I would allow the experiment to be repeated as it is not totally experimeht, and where it is unethical the participants will not be caused any large, or long term amount of distress.


This turned out not to be quite true, as per a partial replication by Rank and Jacobsonin which they eliminated one of the reasons: Hofling conducted a field experiment on obedience in the nurse-physician relationship. Nevertheless, I believe this distress would not be long lasting and therefore was an acceptable sacrifice for the investigation. The participants were all debriefed at the end of the study by a researcher within half an hour.

I would not let someone repeat the experiment under the same conditions in this present day because certain aspects of it are not ethical. This article needs additional citations for verification. It would give very useful information about nurses and how they take on their role.

Keith E Rice – Hofling & His Nurses

In conclusion, I would still say that it is OK to repeat the experiment as it shows if nurses are following the policies in hospitals. If evidence supports this, then it ought to be more difficult now to have a nurse murder a patient.

The study is unrealistic because nurses would never take an order from an unknown voice over the phone.

Also, the nurses were debriefed at the end hpspital the process so they were not permanently deceived. At this point, many people indicated their desire to stop the experiment, some test subjects paused at volts and began to question the purpose of the experiment. You are commenting using your Facebook account.

So if the nurses had given consent then the experiment would have become invalid and unreliable. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The medication was not real, though the nurses thought it was. Post as a guest Name. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. This hospitql that they are eventually informed on the situation and any worries they had can be discussed and reassured. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: One point which Hofling may not have considered is that there are sometimes ingredients in placebo capsules that people are allergic to.


Could we call them all accomplices, the experiments have been repeated many times in the following years with consistent results within differing societies, although not with the same percentages around the globe. The nurse may have become distressed while on the phone to the doctor or become doubtful and upset.

There are several reasons why the nurse should refuse the request: The experimental protocol was explained to a group of twelve nurses and twenty-one nursing students, who were asked to predict how many nurses would give the drug to the patient; ten nurses and all the nursing students said they hospiyal not do it.

The results were very similar each time. August 27, at Finally, the nurses never had the chance to withdraw from the investigation due them believing it was a real life situation.

However, it would be impossible to carry out this experiment without deceiving he nurses.

Hofling hospital experiment – WikiVisually

The nurses were thought to have allowed themselves to be deceived because of their high opinions of the standards of the medical profession. So although there was deception involved in this experiment when it comes to the nurses used for the actual situation, it was deception that was possibly worth it to get an accurate result. Hofling then selected 22 nurses at a hospital in the United States for the actual experiment. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease The other 10 did not notice it but judged that it must be safe anyway if a doctor had ordered them to administer it.

Finally it could have hispital the nurses off their jobs or ruined their relationship with the doctors causing problems after the experiment had concluded, this would have caused problems at the hospitals where it took place. In addition, this shows that the investigation did not cover all of the ethical guidelines that would be apparent today, and therefore the procedure would need changing to ensure that all of the guidelines were covered.