English: Due to current increase in the rate of nosocomial infections, our objective was to examine the frequency, risk factors, clinical presentation and etiology of. Request PDF on ResearchGate | PREVENCIJA INTRAHOSPITALNIH INFEKCIJA U ENDOSKOPSKOJ DIJAGNOSTICI PLUĆNIH OBOLJENJA. “Intrahospitalne infekcije – timski rad u prevenciji, lečenju i nezi”. Public. · Hosted by Podružnica Klinički centar Srbije. Interested.

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Controlling hospital infections activity is to improve the quality aimed at improving patient care and health care of workers. Abstract Intrahospital infections IHI and antibiotics resistance are the problems which exist in virtually all hospitals in the world. For the implementation of measures to prevent and fight against hospital infections, including staff training, the Commission is responsible for nosocomial infections, which exists in every hospital.

Infection should be immediately reported to the Commission for nosocomial infections.

Ciprofloxacin resistance among nosocomial Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus in the United States. The both urinary tract infections and surgical site infections are the most frequent IHI. These infections are recognized as a significant public-health problem in the industrial developed countries, as well as in countries in developing. The frequency and types of nosocomial infections undoubtedly depend on many factors: Due to the improvements in the treatments of serious diseases, there are more and more patients whose resistance to infection is severely reduced 3.

In addition to complicate the course of disease that followed hospitalization, infekciej harder than itself, leaving often causing permanent injury or death.

However, the specific for nosocomial infections is the transmission of infection through: All tested bacteria were sensitive to imipenem and cefepim Table 2. Nosocomial infections are considered acquired infections in outpatient incurred diagnostic and therapeutic procedures and outpatient health care, such as: Continuous prophylaxis of nosocomial infections is very complex, laborious ijfekcije expensive process.

Saunders Infection Control Reference Service.

The greatest risk for acquiring nosocomial infections is intubation and mechanical respiration, then aspiration in patients with impaired consciousness, a frequent complication after surgery and after organ transplant. He was introduced antiseptic surgery procedures that are highly impacted by the reduction of surgical site infections and postoperative mortality of patients. Today, into nosocomial infections are considered infections of medical staff acquired in the process of care and treatment of patients.


The main aim of the present research is establishing of epidemiological surveillance over occurrence of IHI at the Clinic for Gynaecology and Obstetrics at the University Clinical Center Tuzla and thus identifies: Intrahospitalne infekcije kao globalni javnozdravstveni problem i pokazatelj kvaliteta rada bolnica. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. Determination of intrahospital infections was done according to criteria defined by the CDC.


However, the specific for nosocomial infections is the transmission of infection through:. There are many risk factors for developing nosocomial sepsis, the most important being associated with the use of central venous catheters and other venous supplies. In providing quality and safe health services hospital infections are an important risk, it is necessary in any medical institution to implement a strategy for managing risk for nosocomial infections based on the basic principles of quality assurance and risk prevention, such are:.

Surveillance of nosocomial infections. The transmission of infectious agens can be as broad as withnon-hospitalized patients: Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. However, in these units is the largest use of antibiotics, and bacteria often become resistant to them.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. The Commission maintains records and performs continuous control methods and procedures to take care for the overall supervision of the work of the hospital, the disinfection and sterilization, exercises control over the water supply and transport facilities, food and waste material in the hospital.

There are the most common nosocomial infections occurring in intensive care units, followed by surgical, gynecological and infectology departments. This abstract may be abridged.


According to the results of several surveys safe intrahospitalbe the period in which infection does not develop is less than 3 days from the time of insertion of the catheter. Urinary tract infection after catheterization and outpatient surgical wounds treated.


Organisms isolated from various sites of intrahospital infections. Alert organisms might include methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureusglycopeptideresistant enterococci and gentamicin-resistant coliforms. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control.

Intrahospitalne infekcije – Rauché

Open in a separate window. Alert organism surveillance is the continuous monitoring of the incidence of specified organisms isolated by the microbiology laboratory. Nosocomial pneumonia is the second most common, but the most serious of all nosocomial infections.

Direct risk factors for nosocomial infections were: Because of droplet transmission those infections are most often brought in from the outside environment. Please review our privacy policy. However, remote access to EBSCO’s databases from non-subscribing institutions is not allowed if the purpose of the use is for commercial gain through cost reduction or avoidance for a non-subscribing institution.

It intrahospitanle difficult to determine the exact incidence of nosocomial infections, even when there is no systematic monitoring of these infections in the hospital, because they occur after the end of hospitalization and patients treated in the outpatient clinic.

The causes of them are particularly gram-negative enterobacteria, in hospital wards usually E-coli bacteria, and intensive care units p.

The epidemiology of intrahospital infections and practice of hospital infection control are dynamic disciplines, undergoing constant evolution. Type of infection and severity of the disease depends therefore on the patient and his primary disease pathogens, the conditions under which the infection occurred hospital environment and the effectiveness of control measures.

Intrhospitalne infections are still a very big problem of modern medicine, in developed countries is much more important than the classic infectious diseases.